The Role of Vitamin D – Iron – Thiamine in Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Heart Failure

  • Nickolaos A Chatzis Evagelismos General Hospital, Athens
Keywords: heart failure, vitamin D, thiamine, iron therapy


Several clinical and epidemiological studies have suggested the significant role of essential micronutrients in patients with heart failure, although in clinical practice the use of these agents is controversial. An overview is herein attempted of recent data regarding current knowledge on benefits of vitamin D and B1 supplementation and iron therapy in patients with chronic heart failure.

Author Biography

Nickolaos A Chatzis, Evagelismos General Hospital, Athens
Specialty: Cardiology
Special Topic